Gardening

Planting gooseberry

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Gooseberry is used not only for making jam and stewed fruit, but also used fresh. This useful berry has the second name - northern grapes, and is grown on almost every plot. Thanks to unpretentiousness culture is easy to grow. The only difficulty that can be encountered is landing. Planting gooseberry, the correct technology, the timing, the preparatory work will be described below in the article.

When to plant gooseberries?

You can plant gooseberries in spring and autumn. Both methods are popular with gardeners, but in each case, some preparatory work is needed.

You can plant gooseberries in spring and autumn

It is believed that planting in the fall allows you to get a harvest much earlier, the culture will be frost resistant. But you just have to make a bad decision with the variety, if its cold resistance is low, it may not survive the winter, usually these varieties are planted in the spring.

Big risks are also associated with the period of planting a gooseberry in the fall. If you miss the right moment and plant a bush later than the set time, then it simply does not have time to settle down before the first frost and will die.

How to prepare a sapling?

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For planting take annuals with roots up to 25-30 cm, there should also be several stiffened main processes. This is the basis of the root, if it is damaged, then the bush most likely will not grow. The ground part must have 2-3 strong branches.

Fertilizers for growth promotion

Before planting a gooseberry, its roots are dipped into a solution of growth-promoting fertilizers: Epin, Kornevin, Zircon. This is an optional procedure, but it will allow the plant to settle down faster. So this moment is especially important during the autumn planting.

How to choose a place?

For planting fit flat place, perhaps elevation. It is categorically impossible to plant a culture in the lowlands, as there is a high risk of fungal diseases. Ideally, the presence of natural protection from the north and east side, since it is from there usually cold winds blow. The plot is selected sunny, in the shade the plant will grow very slowly.

The area for planting should be large, as the bush will grow greatly over time

It grows best on neutral or slightly acidic soil, suitable clay, sandy, sandy loam soil, loam. However, with proper care and timely feeding, you can plant on any land.

The area for planting should be quite large, as the bush grows massive, and will take up a lot of space after it grows.

How to plant gooseberries in the fall in the open ground?

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Autumn planting of the gooseberry falls on September or the beginning of October, so that about one month remains before the first frost. This is the optimal time for the bush to catch on.

When planting plants in the fall to take care of the quality of the soil. During this period, the land is poor in minerals, because only the harvest period has passed, therefore it is necessary 2 weeks before planting the crop, you need to remove all the weeds in the area where the bush will be planted, fertilize the ground and dig it. As fertilizer, you can use manure, but only rotted.

A hole under a bush is dug in 2-3 days to the land of the village. It is important to initially remove the upper fertile layer of the earth and set it aside, it is still useful. The dimensions of the pit for the average bush 50x50x50.

Gooseberry planting scheme

Now you need to prepare fertilized soil for burying gooseberry roots. For this, the upper fertile layer, which was set aside, is mixed with humus (10 kg), superphosphate (50-100 g) and wood ash (300 g). If the earth is clay, in the resulting mixture is to add a simple, river sand. If sour - 50 g of dolomite flour.

Planted plant as follows. To begin with, the lower layer of the earth is laid out on 2/3 and a small bump is made. A shrub is established on this mound (if the sapling is young, it is better at an angle of 45 degrees), the roots are gently spreading on all sides. They should not be bent, it can lead to rotting. Prepared fertile soil is poured in parts, each layer is slightly compacted.

The depth of the neck should be no more than 3-5 cm. The uppermost layer is well compacted, then it is poured abundantly. In order for the culture to get acclimatized quickly, it is necessary to prune its shoots to 15–20 cm after planting, 4-5 buds should remain on each branch.

When planting several plants, they make a distance of 1 meter between them, and up to 3 meters of free space should be left between the rows. Gooseberry is a sprawling bush, so it can take a lot of space. Before the first frosts strike it can be warmed, additional protection will help protect the young seedling from severe frosts.

How to plant gooseberries in the spring?

Planting gooseberries in the spring in the open ground is almost the same as the autumn. But there are several distinctive points.

  • Planting time occurs in early spring, as soon as the soil thaws - March, early April. The reason is that the gooseberry awakens early, and you need to have time just before this point, so it is not recommended to tighten it.
  • The land is prepared in the fall, it is fertilized. Fresh manure can also be used as a fertilizer, as it will have time to re-peat during the winter. It is not necessary to level the ground or make a hole in the fall, the soil should expect further spring preparation in a dug-out condition.
  • In spring, preparatory work continues: a hole is being dug, the points described above are repeated.
  • Warming during spring planting is not required even with unexpected frosts.
  • When spring planting gooseberries may be subject to attacks of pests or diseases. The reason is that the sprout is still weak and its immune system is still not working well, and all the forces are given to rooting. Therefore, you need to monitor the condition of the bush and at the first signs of a problem, use appropriate means to combat them.

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