In order to get a family of bees, you need to either catch it yourself, or buy it. The first option is more profitable, it is chosen by experienced and young beekeepers. But how to catch a swarm of bees? It is not so easy, they will not arrive at the apiary simply because there is a free hive there! How to catch a swarm and relocate it to a permanent hive will be described in detail later in the article.
How to catch a swarm of bees?
Bees often swarm, only some breeds have a weak tendency to swarm, for others it is a completely natural process under certain conditions. In the old days, swarming bees were caught almost with their bare hands. Even today on the forums you can find a lot of stories about how the grandparents in the villages caught swarms in buckets by simply raking their hands. But this is for extreme and time-tested beekeepers who know exactly what they are doing. What about all the other beekeepers? How to catch a swarm of bees without experience in this matter?
In order to catch a swarm of bees, simple traps are commonly used.
In order to catch a swarm of bees, usually simple traps are used. This is something like a small house for bees (they often look like hives, only smaller). Wild bees usually look narrowly at such "houses", and then, if the place of the bees comes up, the whole swarm moves there, if not - they are looking for new housing.
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Before you catch a swarm of bees you need to build a trap, but how to make it? A good bee trap must meet several criteria:
- mobility (so that you can move it);
- the correct size (depending on the desires of the breeder);
- comfort (bees should be comfortable in it).
Before you catch a swarm of bees you need to build a trap
Material for manufacturing can be any (chipboard, plywood, cardboard, wood, plastic), as long as it is closed (not mesh).
Make a trap in several stages:
- First, the frame is made. Its sizes can be different, depending on what size swarm the beekeeper needs. For a large family, they usually make a trap of 50 liters.
- Grooves are made under the frame, and then the frame is sheathed with some material (plywood, cardboard or something like that). At the same time, about 6 old frames are immediately installed inside. More pointless to put.
- Now you need to figure out what will keep the trap. Usually, a simple mounting plate with a loop is made, which is nailed to the frame.
- The lid is also fixed, you can use nails, but it is better to use screws to make it easier to remove them.
- In order for the bees to get into the hive, they need to make an entrance to it. Usually a small hole is drilled in one of the walls. It is important to note that it should be the size of a bee, otherwise the hornets can fly in. Typically, the entrance has a diameter of 1 cm, not more.
- It is also worth taking care of the valve, so that after the swarm of bees is caught, you can easily close it inside and move the trap to the right place.
- The last stage - painting. This protective layer will protect the temporary house of bees from the rain.
- It is advisable to glue over the trap with bark of trees, branches, leaves to disguise it. It will be both a bait for insects and will save a design from thieves.
How to draw a swarm of bees into a trap?
It would seem that the most difficult has already been done, but no matter how. Trapping a swarm is the longest stage of the work. Before you catch a swarm of bees you need to lure them into a trap. To attract bees, you can use traditional methods or special preparations.
There are special tools that lure bees.
There are special tools that lure bees.
- "Apimil" - the most effective of the currently existing baits for bees. It has a gel consistency and is made on the basis of pheromones.
- "Sanroy" - known among beekeepers drug, produced in the form of strips impregnated with attractants.
- "Apira" - the gel that changes the behavior of bees. It contains geraniol and citral.
- "Uniroy" - gel, based on natural fragrant plants and synthetic attractants.
Of the folk remedies is to recommend herbs and flowers. In order for bees to find the hive more quickly, it is worth rubbing several frames with mint and melissa, insects adore their smell and will quickly fly over it. They can also be attracted by the scent of fennel, lime flower, juniper, hyssop, lilac, rose, heliotrope. It is only important not to use any sweet foods, as wasps will fly off instead of bees.
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Traps are usually hung on trees, as wild bees live on trees, even if it is a swarm that has recently left an apiary, where it lived in standard and customary for all ground hives.
The tree should be located away from the apiary (3 km) and from people. Usually they are broadcast in the depths of the forest, but if it is known that the swarm flew recently from the hive, you can set a trap on the outskirts of the forest, but in any case, not in the village, village or city - the bees always fly into the forest!
Traps usually hang on trees
The place where the "dwelling" will hang should be in the shade, but at least 2-3 hours a day should be illuminated by the sun. In addition, this place should be far from the roads, as the bees do not like the noise from the cars, and the air near the roads is not suitable for these insects. But there should be at least a small reservoir nearby, since it is almost impossible to catch a swarm of bees away from water.
It should be immediately noted that it is very difficult to catch bees in a few days, it can be done by individuals, usually this takes a lot of time, so be patient. First, a couple of bees explore the situation during the week so that the swarm does not settle in the already occupied house, and to avoid possible dangers nearby. These scout bees find the ideal place for them - a house where it will be not only empty, but also comfortable, quiet and comfortable to live. And only after that the swarm moves into a trap.
How to transplant bees in a permanent hive?
After the swarm of bees is trapped, it must be transplanted into a hive. For a start, the trap is closed and transported to the apiary. After that, you need to fully equip the hive, so that he was ready for the settlement of new residents, and only then the resettlement procedure begins.
After the swarm of bees is trapped, it must be transplanted into a hive.
It is recommended to move bees from a trap to a hive in windless and warm weather, when bees are most calm and docile. But you can't do it right away! As a rule, a trap with bees is placed for about 2-3 days in a cellar or other cool room so that they calm down and only after that they can be moved to a hive.
To begin to remove the top cover and inspected. It is important that it does not have a bee. After that, each frame is inspected. All the bees that come across are shaken off into the hive, and the frames on which they sat are set aside. When the uterus is found, it cannot be touched or shifted! The only way to relocate it is to move the frame on which it is located in the hive with it. After that, the remaining bees are moved to the hive, and the lid is closed.
Above it was described in detail how to catch a swarm of bees, but since this is a very difficult matter, below are recommendations and tips on how to simplify the procedure and achieve results faster.
Relocation takes place 1 month before the main bribe, otherwise the beekeeper will remain at a loss
- Bees are usually caught in the spring (March, April) - this is the most favorable time.
- Attach the trap only to very resistant trees. The branch on which he will hold should not even sway a little!
- The trap is usually located within 3-5 meters above the ground.
- The chance that the trap will work quickly is very small. To increase success, it is worthwhile to visit her from time to time, and to check the safety and purity of the house. If mole or other insects live inside, the bees will not fly into it.
- If pests, insects or mold were found on some of the frameworks before the bees were settled, simply replace them with new ones.
It is important to note that the connection of bee families or their relocation to a new (first) hive should be carried out 1 month before the main bribe, otherwise the beekeeper will remain at a loss, without honey. If you have time to move the bees, you can get from them a very rich, generous harvest of honey.