Vegetable

Description and characteristics of radish Daikon

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Radish Daikon is also known as sweet radish. This variety of radish is widespread in East Asia, therefore, it is often called Japanese, Chinese, and even Korean radish. In these countries, Daikon is loved and eaten daily, adding to various dishes or making it marinades, canned. This is a useful root vegetable containing many vitamins and minerals. The article will describe what kind of culture it is, what are its features, how to properly grow and store Daikon.

Characteristics and description of the variety Daikon

Radish Daikon is a relative of radish, cabbage, turnip and other plants of the Cabbage family. Vegetation period from 40 to 200 days depending on the variety. It is grown almost worldwide due to the mass of nutrients in the composition, as well as a pleasant delicate taste and versatility of use. It can be fried, stewed, boiled, eaten raw.

It has a rosette of dissected, green leaves. Usually they are from 12 to 40 pieces. The roots are elongated. Color depends on the variety, but white Daikon is considered the most common. The sizes also depend on the variety and on the cultivation - the better the conditions, the larger the root crop. The largest ones can weigh up to 5 kg and have a length of 60 cm. But this is not the limit - champions reach a weight of 20 kg!

Record holders reach a weight of 20 kg!

100 grams of the product is only 21 kcal, 1.2 g of proteins, 4.1 g of carbohydrates, so this product is recommended for people who want to lose weight or maintain existing ones. Most of all in the composition of radish Daikon vitamins C (30 mg), B5 (2.2 mg), E (2.1 mg), PP (2.08 mg), as well as such minerals as potassium (280 mg), phosphorus ( 28 mg), calcium (27 mg), sodium (16 mg), copper (10 mg) and magnesium (9 mg). The taste is more juicy, delicate than that of the familiar red radish, does not have bitterness, if it is properly grown.

The best varieties of radish Daikon

There are many different varieties of Chinese radish, although most of them are cultivated only in East Asia. Among the most popular and sought after varieties worth noting:

  • non-riflemen - "Dragon", "Summer Cross", "Minovasi", "Elephant Fang";
  • small ones - "Kameida", "Sasha";
  • the big ones are Nerima, Miyashige, Dubinushka, Sirogari, Minovashi, Dragon, Nineigo;
  • red - "Emperor", "Red Dragon", "Red Samurai".

    The best varieties of radish Daikon

Radish Daikon, the most adapted for growing on the territory of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Poland, is, above all, the varieties “Elephant’s Fang”, “Sakurajima”, “Big Bull”, “Japanese White Long”, “Tokinashi”, “Aokabi-Daikon” ".

When choosing a variety, it is worth paying attention to where Daikon will be grown, or rather, on what land it will grow. This culture is not picky, grows everywhere, but only if you choose the right variety.

  • "Shiroogari", "Shigoin" - varieties for growing in clay, heavy earth.
  • "Tokinashi", "Miyasige" are recommended for loam.
  • "Ninengo" and "Nerima" should be planted on light soil.

When and where is Daikon planted?

Since Daikon radish is a heat-loving plant, it is not recommended to plant it in early spring. Usually, planting time falls on July, so that the roots can be harvested before the first frost.

The place should be bright, sunny, not in the lowlands.

It is usually planted in place of any early-ripening crops that are harvested at the end of June or at the beginning of July. It grows best after strawberries (strawberries), so if there are old bushes, they are uprooted and planted Japanese radish. The place should be bright, sunny, not in the lowlands, as excess water, which always stagnates in lowland areas, will lead to rotting of the root crop.

Land for landing is always well fertilized. Radish Daikon can go down to 60 cm deep into the ground, so digging must be thorough, to provide nutrition (fertilizer) not only the top layer of soil. They always fertilize and dig up the ground in the fall, adding to each square meter 1.5 kg of compost or humus, 40 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium sulfate and 20 g of ammonium sulfate.

How to plant radish Daikon?

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The beds for sowing seeds make a width of 30-40 cm. The length may be what the gardener needs. Between the individual rows observe a distance of 60 cm.

Radish Daikon can be sown in rows or in holes. If pits are made, they should be at a distance of 30-50 cm from each other. Several seeds are sown in them and when they all germinate, they pull out all frail, leaving only one - the strongest. The depth of seeding is 1.5-2 cm. Before planting, the seeds should be lowered into the solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes to disinfect.

If they are sown in ridges, the seeds are sown with rare goose, and when they germinate, they begin gradual thinning in several stages, leaving the strongest and most beautiful sprouts. The depth of embedding and preparation of seeds are exactly the same as when they are planted in the wells.

After sowing the seeds by any convenient method, they are sprinkled with earth and slightly moistened with water from the sprayer (so as not to blur the ground). Then the aisle is mulched, but the place around the sprouts themselves should be without mulch!

If sown in the ridge, the seeds are sown in rare file

Between the individual roots in the period of their full maturity should be 40-50 cm of free space. Only then will each radish have enough space and nutrients for development. In addition, such cultivation allows you to achieve full illumination of all plants - they will not obscure each other.

How to care for Daikon?

Like any root vegetables, radish Daikon needs regular care, including cleaning of weeds, watering, thinning, spraying from pests and diseases, as well as the introduction of dressings.

  • Watering is carried out regularly, abundantly, but not more than 1 time in 3-4 days.
  • Thinning should be carried out when the plant is slightly older (2-4 leaves will appear). Do not delay with the procedure, as thickening this plant is not recommended.
  • Weed harvesting starts from the moment of sowing the seeds and lasts until the last radish is removed from the site.

    If the nutritional value of the land is low, it is worth 2-3 times to feed the plant over the entire period of its development.

  • If during the growth of a root crop begins to emerge to the surface, it is spud, so that the sun's rays do not fall on the fruit.
  • In cases where the land is well fertilized, top dressing is not needed during the growth of the plant. If the nutritional value of the land is low, it is worth 2-3 times to feed the plant for the entire period of its development. At the beginning of growth, sprouts are fertilized with an infusion of chicken manure. Then, with the same solution of chicken manure, but with the addition of 20 g of potassium sulfate, the plant is watered in 10 liters of water in the middle of its growth.

How to avoid flowering?

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The main problem faced by all gardeners - Daikon bloom. When an arrow appears, the root crop spoils, therefore it is impossible to allow its development! The problem is that in order for the Daikon radish to not bloom, we need almost perfect growth conditions.

The main problem faced by all gardeners - Daikon bloom

  • If Daikon is planted in early spring, it can survive the frost, but it will immediately give an arrow, and this will affect the taste of the vegetable and the shelf life - keeping quality will be low. Therefore, it is planted in the warm months when the earth is warmed.
  • To the plant did not bloom, you need to create him a 12-hour day. In case of longer illumination, an arrow will appear in any case. It is for this reason that Daikon is recommended to be grown in the second half of summer (when daylight is waning) or in greenhouses in order to control the lighting time.
  • The lack of water "includes" the protective mechanisms of the plant, and it immediately lets the arrow in order to have time to "give offspring" - the seeds.
  • Flowering occurs when crops are heavily thickened. The plant simply cannot develop a root crop, therefore the ground part goes up and an arrow appears.

How to cope with pests and diseases?

Pests on the leaves of radish Daikon attack the same as on the cabbage. Get rid of them is quite simple - you need to scatter from time to time on the plants and the ground around, crushed ash, it scares off harmful insects. Chemical or biological preparations can also be used if the pest has already been seen on the plot or on the crop itself.

Daikon radish pests

As for the root, it is more difficult. Daikon can infect the scoop, wireworm, and grubs. If the plant was affected by these pests, its shelf life is reduced by 2 times! Therefore, it is worth taking measures to treat the site with special preparations against pests before planting the crop. But if they nevertheless appeared, it is worth using "Antikhrushch", "Matador Grand", "Masterpiece", "Calypso", "Prestige", "Aktelik".

As for diseases, most often the radish Daikon is “attacked” by mucosal bacteriosis, wet rot, kila, blackleg, felt disease, mosaic, and vascular bacteriosis. Protection against these diseases is such means as "Climate", "Mikosan", "Fitosporin", "Fitotsid", "Tiovit Jet", "Fundazim". Use them according to the instructions.

So that diseases and pests do not annoy the crop, it is necessary to follow the rules of crop rotation, process the seeds before planting the potassium permanganate solution, grow the most disease-resistant varieties and always treat it from mold and fungi before putting it into the storage of the crop.

Harvest

Approximately one day before harvesting, the beds where Daikon radishes grow should be poured abundantly with water.

About a day before harvesting, the beds where Daikon radish grows need to be poured abundantly with water. This is done to ensure that the root crop is saturated with water, as well as to make it easier to pull it out of the ground. After all, just so it can be difficult to get it, often it goes deep into the earth by 50-60 cm, so even digging does not always help. And the damage that can be done to the vegetable during the harvest significantly reduces its keeping quality.

The next day, harvested. It is advisable to knock out the cleaning so that on the day of collection it is dry and sunny. Root vegetables just pull out of the ground, like carrots, you can dig a little, if you can't.

How to store radish daikon?

Daikon can be stored in the freezer

When the harvest is gathered, it needs to be determined for storage, but everything has its time. To begin with, the radish Daikon is laid out and dried. Then all the stuck earth is removed. After that, all the side roots are cut off or cut off, and the bottom one is cut by 2-3 cm. Now it remains to sort the roots by size, integrity, and put them into storage boxes.

Boxes put in the cellar, the basement, where it is dry, dark and cool. Can be stored in the freezer. Sometimes radishes are placed in refrigerators, but in this case each root crop must be wrapped with plastic wrap so that the crop does not start to dry and wilt prematurely.

VIDEO - How I Grow Daikon

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