Gardening

How to treat currants from pests and diseases?

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The annual harvest of currants depends on whether it is sick or not. Processing currants from diseases and pests allows you to get a good harvest. Since summer processing is not always possible, experienced gardeners carry out work in spring and autumn. The article will describe how to treat currants from pests and diseases, as well as the land around the bushes.

Spring processing of currants

In the spring, along with the currants, dangerous insects awaken and diseases are activated. Awakened plants, which have not yet had time to grow stronger, are easy for them to sacrifice. For this reason, the bushes are so sick until summer. Only one method can cope with this problem - timely spraying.

Important! Postponing treatment when signs of disease or insects do not appear. The diseased plant is weakened and therefore there is a risk of secondary damage by other diseases.

Many gardeners are wary of spring processing, as they believe that it can spoil the future crop (chemicals, though). But it is not. For a start, there are many biological products (for humans, they are not harmful), but you can use folk recipes. In addition, if you choose the right tool, it will only positively affect the taste of future berries. But before describing how to treat currants from pests and diseases, it is worth figuring out when to do this.

Important! Popular recipes are effective only at an early stage of a lesion or as a preventive measure. If the problem is significant, it is worth solving with biological and chemical preparations.

Spring processing usually falls on the period when the kidneys have only started to swell, but have not opened. The weather should be warm outside. Wind, drizzle should not be. Spraying after or before the rain is meaningless, since moisture will simply wash away the product, and the procedure will have to be repeated.

Spring processing of currants from pests

Why do we need autumn processing?

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Proper treatment of currants in the fall helps protect the bush from insects and diseases that may try to “winter” on it. If it is not carried out, the chance that the culture will be infected by something, increases by 2 times. It is necessary to carry out it regardless of whether the culture was sprayed before the summer, because in a couple of months the substances had already disappeared or were washed away by the rain.

Important! If there are signs of the influence of insects or diseases, a one-time treatment will not help - it is worth holding it 2-3 times with breaks of 1-1.5 weeks.

Autumn processing is carried out after the last crop is harvested and the currants are cut for the winter. Only then can you start work. This allows you to cover the maximum area of ​​the branches and the root zone.

It is believed that the treated plant gives the next year about 25% more yield. So the gardener's work pays off. A healthy bush can also be transplanted to a new place in the spring without fear that the procedure will lead to its death or infection of healthy plants that will grow close to it. How to treat currants from pests and diseases in the fall and spring is described in the subsequent paragraphs of the article.

Our readers recommend reading: the best varieties of red and black currants, how to properly trim the currants in the fall, how to plant the currants in the spring and autumn.

How to treat currants from diseases?

Currants can suffer from various diseases: septoria, powdery mildew (ash), anthracnose, rust, terry, etc. They all have their own specifics and treatment. How to treat currants from diseases?

  • Bordeaux liquid (Bordeaux mixture) treats rust, powdery mildew, anthracnose, septoria (white spot), vein mosaic, so that it can be used as a universal, emergency remedy. On a bucket of water usually take 40 grams of the substance. After breeding pagons are sprayed from all sides.
  • Burgundian liquid is used, as Bordeaux. But you need to use a 1% solution so that the twigs do not get burned.
  • Copper sulphate or copper oxychloride has a good effect, for example, from ash, anthracnose, septoria. 50-100 grams of the drug is taken on a bucket of water.
  • Iodine can help in a serious situation when an effective means is needed, and there is no possibility to buy it at this time. In any cases, a weak solution is taken, 10 ml of iodine per 10 liters of water. Helps in the early stages of ashes, rot.
  • "Fitosporin" has an effect similar to iodine, and this substance is the same as iodine harmless. On the bucket take 10 ml of the substance. Used in the treatment of powdery mildew, rust, spotting, rot.
  • "Topaz" is used against powdery mildew and various other types of fungus. Bred it according to the instructions.
  • Nitrofen is often used in the control of currant diseases and pests. On 150 g of substance take 10 liters of water. Helps from powdery mildew, anthracnose.
  • A concentrated solution of urea (carbamide) can cope primarily with the spores of fungi (rust, pepelitsa, anthracnose, white spotting). For spraying, 300 g of urea is taken in a bucket of water. All branches and leaves must be wet!
Important! Mosaic and Terry almost never treated. The easiest way to get rid of them is to dig up a bush and burn it to stop the spread.

Preparations for treating currants from diseases

How to treat currant bushes from pests?

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Most often, currants are attacked by such pests as: aphid, glass case, spider mite, willow shield, kidney mite, moth. Kidney mite, moth, aphid reduce the quality and quantity of the crop, and such pests as willow shchitovka, glass box can lead to the death of the crop in a matter of months. So, how to treat currants from pests?

  • From the moth, sawfly, kidney moth, gall midge, scale insects, aphids, use Karbofos or colloidal sulfur. About 75 grams of the drug is taken on a bucket of water.
  • Currant aphid does not stand such a tool as "Nitrafen". 8% solution is used for thorough spraying, and if not, you can use chlorofos (20 g per bucket of water). Against it are also used such means as "Actellic" (1 ampoule per liter of water). Not counting the above "Karbofos."
  • Aphids, sawflies and scytwick are scared of "Flyoverm". Use the drug according to the instructions. But it is important to apply the substance in the early stages, as it relates to biological, not chemical, and has not as strong an effect as chemicals.
  • Ants carry all sorts of diseases, so you need to get rid of them in the first place. Various means help, but the most effective remain: Raptor, Rubit, Globol, Pyrethrum.
  • From ticks on the bushes will help boiling water. Bushes with hot water are treated in early spring, after the buds swell, but before they begin to bloom. It was at this time observed activity of ticks.
  • A simple roofing felt will work from the fire pit. It spreads in the early spring around the bushes, and in order not to bully - the edges are covered with earth. After the berries begin to ripen it can be removed.
  • The infusion of tobacco, garlic, or onions for pests is very sharp - it just scares them away, not allowing them to settle close. Most of them suffer from aphids, spider mites. Make this infusion is very simple. For this, garlic or onion is chopped (finely), tobacco should also be pounded well in a mortar, for example. After that, 150 g of product is poured with 10 liters of hot water. This substance is infused for 3-4 days, then filtered and used for its intended purpose.
Important! Insects often hide in small crevices of pagons, under leaves and similar hard-to-reach places. To get rid of them, it is necessary to carefully work the bush from all sides, raising each branch and sparing no means.

Funds for currant bushes

What is the soil treated?

Not only currants, but also the soil around it needs care.

  1. About once a month, the soil should be loosened or dug up, but so as not to harm the roots.
  2. Any weed grass growing under bushes should be removed on time. Since weeds carry diseases and pests.
  3. In autumn, the ground must be mulched with peat or humus. This is a good frost protection for the roots, as well as an obstacle through which it will be difficult for the insects to cross (they live mostly in fresh manure and not in humus).
  4. It is possible to scatter wood ash under the currant with a thin layer. For insects, it is unpleasant, and for some it is dangerous, therefore it will reduce the risk of infection through the ground.
  5. To prevent viruses and fungi from "wintering" under a currant, for the winter the land around it is watered with Bordeaux mixture (100 g / 10 l of water) or potassium permanganate. Sometimes for the prevention of the procedure is carried out in March. Copper sulphate can also be used (50 g / 10 liters of water).
  6. It is important to fertilize the culture in a timely manner. Potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus ("Superphosphate", "Ammophosca", "Potassium Sulphate") are added in the right quantities For a plant, it is not only a growth stimulus, but also an increase in the immune system. A strong bush will be able to withstand the disease or "attack" of insects, and a weak one will most likely die quickly.

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