A perennial primrose is a garden culture. People call it primrose, key, happiness talisman, lamb or Easter flower. Her buds are diverse and very beautiful. The plant is unpretentious, flowering occurs early. Thanks to all its positive qualities, this flower won the love of amateur gardeners and masters of landscape design.
Primula garden perennial
Primula perennial photo
Primula belongs to the family Primrose. This perennial culture blooms in early spring, but there are species that bloom closer to the middle and even the end of summer, and there are those whose bloom is observed twice per season! In the wild, there are over 600 species. They are met throughout Europe, Asia, America. Mostly they grow in forests, on the plains, where wet, enriched soil.
Interesting!Interesting! Primula "Pochkolistnaya", "Yulia", "Berengiyskaya" and "Daryalskaya" are listed in the Red Book of Russia.
About 200 plant species are popular in gardening. Their main advantages: delicate aroma, beautiful, varied in shape flowers, rapid reproduction and decorative leaves. Perennial primroses are popular as ornamental crops in flowerbeds and flower beds. You can grow them not only in the garden, but also at home in pots. Usually the flowers are transplanted into pots for winter so that they give the first flowers in early spring.
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Types of garden primrose photo
There are a lot of varieties of primrose, it is difficult to list everything. Below are the most unusual and popular species.
"Ushkovaya primula" has leathery, dense leaves of saturated, green color. Flowers with a diameter of 2 cm. Color depends on the subspecies. Famous varieties: "General", "Blue Vev", "Gigantea", "Jupp", "Max".
"Pubescent" Primula perennial has a compact size. In height it grows up to 15 cm. Flowers are located on erect pedicels up to 15 cm high. Buds are collected in inflorescences of 5-15 pieces. It blooms from May to the end of June. Its main feature is resistance to frost.
"Finely toothed" primrose gives spherical, large inflorescences, consisting of a large number of white, purple, burgundy or purple flowers with a diameter of 0.5-2.5 cm. In general, the inflorescence has a diameter of up to 10 cm. The peduncles are high, about 23 cm. until the end of June. It is interesting that the leaves of these primroses are covered with bloom and it is advisable not to let water drops on them! Varieties: "Alba", "Rubra", "Vilet".
Important!Important! To make the primrose bloom lush and long, it is recommended that the ground beneath them be loosened, moistened, and fed in the spring with Kemira fertilizer according to the instructions.
"Primula Florinda" differs in long flowering from the beginning of June to the end of August. Her buds are in the shape of bells. Loves wet areas, often grown near water. For the winter need compulsory shelter. Grades: "Race Ruby", "Red Shades".
"Common Primula" or "Stemless" has a short rhizome and a very short stem, from which the name came. Leaves lanceolate, large. Flowers are snow white, pale yellow or purple, solitary, arranged on short pedicels. Two-lobe petals. In the period of flowering from March, is covered with an abundance of colorful buds. Among the most popular varieties: Cerulea, Virginia and Giga White.
"Primula perennial Japanese" characterized by late flowering - from June. Flowering period up to 40 days. The shape of the flower candelabra. The inflorescences stand on an elongated peduncle up to 40 cm in height. There are 5-7 buds in each inflorescence. Each adult primrose on a pedicle can have up to 6 tiers. Grades: Apple Blossom, Millers Crimson, Postford White.
How to multiply the primrose?
Primrose species photo
There are several methods of breeding primroses.
Cuttings. For this process, a longitudinal incision is made from the top of the root, no more than 1.5 cm. It provokes the appearance of a kidney. Then the cuttings are planted in light soil, to a depth of 3 cm and provide traditional care.
Seed culture can be propagated, but inefficient. Usually this method is used by breeders. Sow the seeds immediately after ripening in open ground or containers. Shoots appear after about 3 weeks, if the seeds are sown in the fall, and if in the spring, then 1-2 weeks later.
Interesting!Interesting! According to English ancient legends, fairies and forest gnomes live in primrose buds.
By dividing the bush perennial primrose breeds quite often. This method is popular if you need to rejuvenate the bush. It is held on 3-5 year growth of culture, when the bush grows strongly. This is done after flowering or in August. The land is well watered to make it easier to dig a bush. When the bush is dug out, the ground is shaken off the roots and the roots are washed in water. With a sharp knife the bush is divided into the necessary number of parts so that each has a renewal point. Sections are powdered with earth or ash. Now it remains only to plant delenki, and in the next 2 weeks to water regularly.
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Primrose: landing and care
Primrose prefer fertile, humus-rich land. They can be planted in a sunny or shaded area (partial shade is preferable), although here it is best to focus on the features of the type and variety of primrose, because they may have their preferences in terms of planting.
A perennial primrose is usually planted in the middle of spring, when the air temperature is within + 14 ... +16 degrees Celsius. This is usually April or May. If a flower is planted, it used to grow at home, in a pot, you need to temper it a week before planting outside. In the autumn, they usually plant those primroses that were sown the year before. The very same sowing of seeds is carried out usually in the fall, for the winter, so that by spring the seeds germinate.
A perennial primrose is planted almost like any other flower in open ground. Planting time - morning or evening, before the sun becomes the most active. Between flowers observe a distance of 15-20 cm - depending on the type. In the process of growth, the bushes should practically intertwine, because these plants do not like a lot of free space around - they need a little thickening. If planting is carried out in the fall or the seeds are sown for the winter, it is important to mulch them on top so that they do not freeze.
Open field maintenance
Photo primula garden
Primula garden perennial undemanding to care, but to get beautiful flowers from year to year, will have to make some effort.
The plant is drought-resistant, and yet it is desirable, if possible, to maintain the normal humidity of the earth. If the earth lump dries out often, the plant can start to hurt.
During the active growing season need feeding. In the case of open ground, simple manure is used. It is mixed with water and poured under the bushes about 3-4 times during the whole season, it is possible even less often if the culture grows and flourishes without that.
For the prevention of diseases, the bush is usually not sprayed, but weed the earth around it. This helps to protect it from rot and some other diseases. Treatment with chemicals or folk substances is usually carried out if the disease is identified.
Important!Important! It is not recommended to use for sprinkling irrigation. Primrose leaves do not like moisture, so watering is carried out under the bush.
When the primrose bush grows, its root system grows heavily, and roots can appear on the surface of the earth. So that this does not lead the bush to death once a year it is worth pouring a little bit of soil under it, especially in the fall, before frost or in summer in drought.
For the winter, the bushes need to be covered with a layer of dry leaves of 10 cm in order not to freeze, although, in general, it is a winter-hardy plant - it is not afraid of frost.
Primroses are incredibly beautiful flowers growing in a small bush. They can often be seen in flowerbeds or in the decoration of stone hills and lawns. They are often decorated with garden paths, places near water bodies. A primrose perennial with irises, tulips, thorny phloxes, daffodils gets along well.