Tulips can decorate any flower bed, if you put them in time and properly care. This article will describe how to store onion tulips and when to plant them in open ground in the fall. Information will also be given on how to properly prepare onion tulips for planting, the land in which they will grow and how, in fact, tulips are planted in the fall.
Why are tulips planted in the fall?
Novice flower growers do not always know when to plant tulips. However, the period of planting is very important, because if you do not plant onions in time, it will affect flowering and crop growth. It is believed that autumn is the optimal time to plant onion tulips, but why?
- The bulbs planted in March give flowers late, and sometimes the bud does not appear at all.
- Planting tulips in the fall allows you to harden the bulbs and make them more resistant to frost and disease.
- Those flowers that were planted in the fall, usually give larger, bright and lush buds.
Planting tulips in the fall
- In the fall, there is a much larger selection of varieties and hybrids in the markets and shops, because people are buying onion in bulk. In the spring there is never such a variety.
- It is in the fall that tulip bulbs, by their nature, should fall asleep right in the ground. If they are not provided with this, the culture may start to hurt or other problems will appear.
It is also worth noting that it is also impossible to leave bulbs in the ground for a year. This is a mistake of many young farmers. The fact is that the bulb can live in the ground without problems for many years, but over time the plant will start to hurt, the buds either will not appear or they will be very small, so you shouldn’t spare your time - digging and planting them in a new way in the autumn, florist can achieve better flowering and more durability of the culture.
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When the tulips begin to turn yellow leaves and the scale becomes light brown in color, the bulbs are dug out. Bulb digging time is from the end of June to mid-July. After digging, they are sorted by size, and also all patients are diseased and damaged.It is important! You need to dig the bulbs as carefully as possible, you can use forks or a similar tool that loosens the ground more than it cuts.
Storing tulip bulbs in an egg tray
To the bulbs at the time of planting tulips in the fall were in good condition, it is important to properly store them. Usually the bulbs are neatly placed in a container and placed in a ventilated room, where it is dark and there are no drafts. It is very important that it is not cold in this room, otherwise the flower bud will not appear, but it should not be hot, so that the bulbs will not grow. In July, about 20 degrees of heat is maintained, in August - +17 degrees, and in September, no higher than +15. At the same time, they begin to air the room with the bulbs so that they become accustomed to the external conditions.
Terms of planting tulips in the fall in the open ground
In most regions, planting tulips in open ground in autumn falls in September, about the second half of the month, when it becomes cool. If September is too warm, you can postpone landing in October - the main thing is that it is not very warm outside.Interesting! Since mid-autumn, tulip bulbs are always sold for stocks and big discounts, and this is beneficial for the gardener - it is important not to miss the moment.
The air temperature for planting tulips in open ground should be no higher than +10 degrees Celsius, otherwise after planting the bulbs will start to grow and freeze during the first cold weather. If there is a chance that the temperature will rise, it is worth postponing the landing. It is better to do it a little later than before. Do not be afraid - this is a very cold-resistant culture, tulip bulbs calmly tolerate temperatures closer to zero.
The time of planting tulips in the fall depends on the region and the ambient temperature, in the Moscow region it is mid and late September, for central Russia is the beginning and middle of October. In the southern regions, tulips are planted in open ground in late October, early November.
Autumn planting tulips in open ground
Place for planting tulipsWe recommend reading our other articles.
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A place for planting tulips is determined 2 weeks before planting in order to have time to prepare the soil. The earth is dug up on a full spade bayonet. Fertilizing is important during digging. Complexes or single fertilizers are used - as it is convenient for a gardener. From popular fertilizers, simple humus, biohumus, Gumi Kuznetsova and Baikal-M are used.Interesting! If on the ground where the tulips are planted, before the culture affected the disease, you can also treat the land with Phytosporin - just pour it with a solution.
After digging and cultivating the land it is necessary to leave it for 2 weeks. If weeds appear, they must be uprooted. It is worth noting that planting tulips for several years in a row on the same place is not worth it - the land is quickly depleted, and the flowers will grow slowly. And after the other bulbous plant is not recommended, because they have the same disease and pests.
How to prepare tulips for autumn planting?
If the bulbs were purchased in a store or on the market, it is desirable to pickle them, because it is not known where and under what conditions they were grown. For processing, you can use a simple solution of potassium permanganate, weak, not saturated pink. Instead of potassium permanganate, you can take special drugs. "Maxim" and "Fitosporin" are well suited for such purposes.Important! The skin of the bulbs before planting a tulip is not necessary to remove. This is done only if there are doubts about their suitability. Then peel off to inspect the bulb for damage, disease or pests, but only before planting, and not before putting it in storage!
Photo of disinfectants for tulips
"Maksim"- a stronger tool, it is used if there are spots on the bulb, rot, or simply suspicion of the disease. There is a drug" Maxim Dachnik "on sale - it is a onion disinfectant.
"Phytosporin"- a weaker drug, it is needed more for prevention than for treatment.
If the bulbs are taken from their own plot, and not purchased, then the gardener must decide for himself whether it makes sense to pickle them before planting. Before planting tulip bulbs should be sorted by size because large and small bloom at different times, although this is a matter of taste. If the green bald spots do not interfere, then you can plant and mixed.
Planting tulips in the fall in open ground
Under the landing are made trenches or holes. Bulbs are always planted vertically, so that the bottom, from where the roots will begin to grow, is located at the bottom.Interesting! Sometimes special containers are used for planting. They not only allow you to dig out all the onions at once when the time comes, but also protect them from pests like mice.
Growing tulips on an industrial scale
The depth of planting bulbs equal to the height of three bulbs. If the bulb is small - two. If you plant too high, the tulips will freeze out, and if it is too deep, they will germinate for a long time. Each hole is planted in pieces, if trenches are used, they maintain a distance of 10-15 cm, depending on the variety. If you want to get a lush bush, you can plant at a distance of 3-4 cm circle.
Growing tulips and planting in the fall is not at all difficult; the main thing is to follow the rules and be attentive. This is a very simple culture in terms of care, it does not cause problems and always flourishes pleasing the eye.