Gloxinia is a separate genus in the Gesneriaceae family. It got its name in honor of the botanist and physician Benjamin Peter Gloksin. Also referred to as Sinningia, this name was given in honor of Wilhelm Sinning, the botanist, thanks to whom hybrid and domestic kinds of gloxinia appeared. Its homeland is South and Central America, but domesticated, domestic species grow in any climatic zone, the main thing is to provide them with normal conditions.
Gloxinia is a perennial stemless or short stem plant. Its shoots are fleshy, the leaves are large or small (depending on the species), ovate, dark green, velvety.
Flowers from small to large, can be of different shapes, with a diameter of 1.5-12 cm, sometimes more, usually corrugated along the edge. Color colors Gloxinia may be different. More common are dark purple, but there are also pink, white, closer to the blue or red tone. Flowers are monophonic or multi-colored. On one plant blooms at once 30-40 flowers simultaneously. Of course, for this you need to find a suitable variety and provide it with very good conditions for growth. Most often on one bush can be found at the same time about 8 flowers. Duration of flowering about 3 months - from March to June, but this figure may vary in different varieties.
Photo Gloxinia (Gloxinia)
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There are more than 25 gloxinia species in the world. They differ in diameter and type of flower, as well as some other qualities. The following are the most popular and unusual varieties and types.
- Cardinalis has a rich green foliage and red, pink or white and cream flowers, collected in racemes. This species is very popular in breeding.
- Speckled or Perennial gloxinia grows up to 70 cm. The leaves are green with a reddish tinge on the back of the leaf. It blooms from September to November. The flowers are blue.
- Royal Gloxinia gives large leaves with silver veins up to 20 cm long. Flowers drooping on long peduncle purple color. Diameter 7 cm on average. Flowering occurs in the summer.
Photo Gloxinia Esenia
- Gloxinia Esenia - Dutch hybrid. Plant about 30 cm. Leaflets on short petioles. Flowers terry, pink with white or light pink trim. It blooms for a long time, bouquets type.
- Tiny Gloxinia - very small flower. Its leaves grow up to 1 cm, flowers in diameter of 1.5 cm on average. The color is white-lilac. Flowering occurs in the summer.
This interesting plant can be propagated: seeds, tubers or leaves. You can read about the tubers and seeds in the article below, and now let's look at breeding leaves. This is a very simple and accessible method for everyone. First you need to find on the mother plant a strong, healthy leaf with a stalk up to 4 cm and pluck it.
Torn leaf Gloxinia determined in a container of water, and sometimes immediately planted in the ground. Rooting is almost the same, just in the water you can see how the roots are formed and you can follow the process, and in the ground you have to wait until the plant starts growing to understand that it has taken root.
Photo reproduction Gloxinia leaves
If the method with water is chosen, then you must first put the sheet in a container with water, and when it has roots in it, plant it in the ground. For the cultivation of this culture requires a certain land, only then you can achieve maximum color and reduce the risk of diseases, pests. Land should be with a pH of 5.9-6.9. It is made from a part of sod land, 2 parts of leaf, part of humus and part of sand.
When the planting is completed, the culture is covered with a film and removed only for watering or airing. When the first young leaves appear, you can completely remove the film.
Reproduction Gloxinia tubers
The second breeding method of Gloxinia is the division of tubers. A healthy tuber is taken from the ground in the spring, when sprouts appear on it, then it is necessary to examine it well and cut off all damaged areas so as not to provoke the development of the disease.Important! The method of dividing the tuber is very painful for the plant itself, therefore it is used very rarely. Usually gloxinia so planted often get sick and may simply not take root.
Photo reproduction Gloxinia tubers
To divide the gloxinia tuber, you need to use only a very sharp knife disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate. Cut clearly, neatly, in one motion to minimize damage. Each cut piece must have at least one sprout. The cut-off areas are dried and only then can be planted individual shoots in pots.
To make sure that everything is in order with the plant, it is possible to use several transparent plastic cups for planting, through them white roots (healthy) or dark (sick) can be seen, and is there any growth at all! It is very important that the planted plants be watered regularly so that the earth does not dry out, but there should not be plenty of water. Water sprouts in trays, so that the ground part does not get moisture.
Reproduction Gloxinia seeds
The seed method of reproduction of Gloxinia at home is the most laborious of all, so it is rarely used, and sprouts do not always appear. But breeders and amateurs successfully apply it.
To get a plant from seeds, you must first prepare the ground (the composition described above is quite suitable). Seeds are sown around late January or early February. The seeds are very small, for ease they are usually interfered with the soil and then spread on the ground. It is not necessary to fill them with earth, but after planting it is important to moisten the soil well with a spray gun and cover it with a film.Important! Young gloxinia sprouts obtained from seeds are difficult to care for. They are sensitive to any omission in the care.
Capacity is determined in a bright, warm place, as needed open and watered (sprinkling). The first shoots may appear in 2 or 5 weeks - it is difficult to guess. Sprouts are grown as seedlings, and when grown, transplanted into separate pots.
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After the plant is planted and started growing, you need to ensure it has the right conditions and care in order to get a long and beautiful flowering.
- The temperature in the room where the flower is contained should be approximately + 18 ... +20 degrees Celsius. If the leaves rise up - the flower is hot, and if they fall down - it's cold.
- Gloxinia is a light-loving culture, therefore it is necessary to provide an abundance of diffused light throughout the day. In the partial shade, the plant is always drawn out, in the shade it can start to rot, and with direct sunlight the flowering will be reduced, and burns may appear on the petals.
- Humidity is maintained normal, room, but it is desirable to put the culture where there are no drafts.
- Watering is carried out top or from a pallet. It is advisable to avoid moisture on the leaves. The frequency depends on the ground. If it is dry on top, then you can pour in warm, settled water. Since late October, watering is reduced.
- It is necessary to fertilize a plant only in the period of active growth. Begin the procedure around March. Fertilizing is carried out once every 10 days with complex fertilizers for ornamental flowering crops. In August, feeding is stopped.
- Transplantation is carried out as needed when the pot is filled with roots and they simply have no place to develop further.
What to do after flowering?
When Gloxinia blooms, it begins to gradually move away during a period of rest, and it is difficult not to notice. In winter, it completely loses all its leaves and winters simply in the form of tubers. But for the flower to prepare for this period, you need to help him.
In August, stop any feeding, so that the culture does not go back to growth. In the fall, watering is reduced, all dry leaves are cut as they appear. When they are no longer there at all, the pot is placed in a dark, cool place for the whole winter.Important! If there is no place to put the flower, you just need to leave it where it stood or rearrange it on a tall cabinet and water it a little (once a month), just so that the earth does not dry completely with the tuber.
2 weeks after the ground part dies out, the tubers are dug out and put in sawdust, peat or coconut flakes. And then it is determined in a dark and cool place (+ 6 ... +14).
Possible problems with growing
When growing any indoor plants may unforeseen diseases, pests and other problems. Gloxinia is no exception.
- If illnesses are noticed, the flower is treated with a fungicide solution for indoor flowers.
- When pests appear, you need to transplant gloxinia and treat it with insecticides.
- With a shortage of boron on the edge of the sheet there are deep notches. Spraying with 2% borax solution can help.
- Tuber rotting occurs if the crop is often watered with cold water or there is no drainage in the pot. To solve the problem, you just need to transplant the gloxinia in a pot with drainage and subsequently water it with less frequent and only warm water.
- Pale, elongated leaves with brown edges indicate a lack of light. By moving the pot to a brighter place, you can solve this situation.
- If the flowers are underdeveloped, the leaves are lowered, and the growth of the culture has stopped, it is just cold and you need to raise the temperature in the room to +18 degrees and above.
Why are Gloxinia leaves curled?
One of the common problems of gloxinia are wrinkled or twisted leaves. It happens when the air in the room where it is standing is too dry and hot. If you increase the humidity and reduce the temperature, the plant will quickly recover.
The easiest way to increase humidity is to place the plant on a tray with water. And in order to lower the temperature, you can turn on an air conditioner or a fan (you just have to make sure that they do not blow on the plant - it does not like drafts).
Photos from Gloxinia leaves curled
Why do not Gloxinia buds open and leaves dry?
Many growers notice that very often gloxinia leaves do not bloom. What is the reason? This usually indicates that there are many drafts in the room that it cannot stand or that the air is too dry. To fix this situation can be quite simple.
- Gloxinia flower moves to a place where there is no drafts.
- In the period when the plant should begin to bloom, the humidity is increased due to spraying or you can simply install a bath with water nearby.
- Do not forget about dressing - this is the easiest method to stimulate the plant to bloom.
Dry leaves of Gloxinia, as a rule, indicate that the plant is preparing for a rest period. There is nothing dangerous or bad, this happens from year to year. All that is needed is to cut the dry foliage and hide the plant until spring, when it will grow again.
Caring for Gloxinia at home, as well as reproduction, is not very complicated and demanding, the main thing is to know some of the nuances and follow the recommendations outlined above.